Kamal El Aguez, Nasr Hajji, Hafid Barka



The Cloud Computing: the impact of regulation on adoption

pdf PDF


Cloud Computing, adoption, adapted regulation


The global nature of cloud computing creates many governance problems. Formerly, the regulatory framework governing the data storage and processing was well defined; in general, the national laws of each state. Today, cloud computing has to answer a key question: how to design a multi-jurisdictional framework that will be adopted by all countries planning to use cloud services? Our paper provides an overview of the cloud-computing ecosystem, its essential characteristics, its key players and its different types of services and deployments. It also includes an analysis of the opportunities and risks associated with the adoption and implementation of cloud computing services, as well as attempts to answer the question of adapted regulation to this new type of service. It also makes some recommendations and defines the best suitable practices for a successful adoption and implementation of cloud services.


[1] Nelson, Michael R. (October 2009). “Cloud Computing and Public Policy”, Briefing paper for the ICCP technology Foresight Forum, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, available at http://www.oecd.org/internet/ieconomy/43933771.pdf.

[2] Peter Mell, Timothy Grance (September, 2011). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing ,Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce, Special Publication 800-145, available at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800- 145/SP800-145.pdf

[3] ITU-T (02/2012). Part 1: Introduction to the Cloud Ecosystem: definitions, taxonomies, uses cases and high-level requirements, Focus Group on Cloud Computing, Technical Report, available at http://www.itu.int/pub/T-FGCLOUD-2012-P1.

[4] Bradshaw Simon, Christopher Millard, Ian Walden (2010). “Contracts for Clouds: Comparison and Analysis of Terms and Conditions of Cloud Computing Services”, Legal Studies Research Paper, NO 63/2010, Queen Mary University of London, available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1662374.

[5] M.N. Sadiku, S.M. Musa, O.D. Momoh (2014). “Cloud Computing: opportunities and challenges”, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, available at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp? reload=true&arnumber=6704815.

[6] Service Public Fédéral Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie (2013). Le Cloud Computing: une opportunité pour l‟économie en Belgique, Etude sur le Cloud Computing, Rapport Final V1.2, available at http://economie.fgov.be/fr/modules/publication s/analyses_etudes/etude_relative_au_cloud_co mputing.jsp.

[7] ITU-T (02/2012). Part 7: Cloud computing benefits from telecommunication and ICT perspectives, Focus Group on Cloud Computing, Technical report, available at http://www.itu.int/pub/T-FG-CLOUD-2012- P7/fr.

[8] European Commission & Information Society and Media. The Future of Cloud Computing: Opportunities for European Cloud Computing Beyond 2010, Expert Group Report, available at http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/docs/cloudreport-final.pdf.

[9] Alex Mu-HsingKuo (2011). “Opportunities and challenges of Cloud Computing to impose health care services”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, Canada, available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC 3222190/.

[10] Op. cit. Nelson, Michael R. “Cloud Computing and Public Policy”… [11] Asia Cloud Computing Association (ACCA). “ Cloud Readiness Index 2014”, available at http://asiacloudcomputing.org/research/cri2014

[12] Jean Marc Sauvé (Octobre 2013). « Le Cloud Computing », Colloque de la Société de législation comparée, available at http://www.conseiletat.fr/content/download/3616/10876/version/1/ file/cloud_computing_11_octobre_2013_18101 3.pdf. [13] ITU (2012).Cloud computing in Africa: situation and perspectives, Development Sector, available at http://www.itu.int/ITUD/treg/publications/Cloud_Computing_Afrique -e.pdf.

[14] European Commission (2012).Unleashing the Potential of Cloud Computing in Europe, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions, available at http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri= COM:2012:0529:FIN:EN:PDF.

[15] European Economic and Social Committee (June 2011). A comprehensive approach on personal data protection in the European Union, OPINION of the EESC on the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the EESC of the Regions, COM (2010) 609 final, available at http://ec.europa.eu/justice/news/consulting_pub lic/0006/com_2010_609_en.pdf.

[16] European Economic and Social Committee (Mai 2012).OPINION of the EESC on the Proposal for Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation), COM (2012) 11 final-2013/011(COD), available at http://ec.europa.eu/justice/dataprotection/document/review2012/com_2012_1 1_en.pdf.

[17] Contribution of the United States, Federal Communications Commission, ITU Global Symposium, Colombo, October 2-4, 2012, available at http://www.itu.int/ITUD/treg/Events/Seminars/GSR/GSR12/consultati on/GSR12Contribution_FCC.pdf.

[18] Messmer, Ellen (2009). Cloud Security Alliance formed to promote best practices, available at http://www.computerworld.com/article/252359 8/security0/cloud-security-alliance-formed-topromote-best-practices.html. [19] Op. cit. Bradshaw…« Contracts for Clouds: Comparaison…

[20] ITU (2013). Trends in telecommunication Reform 2013: Transnational Aspects of Regulation in a Networked Society, available at http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/reg/DREG-TTR.14-2013-SUM-PDF-E.pdf.

[21] CNIL (2012). Recommendations for companies planning to subscribe to cloud services, translated from the french version « Recommandations pour les entreprises qui envisagent de souscrire à des services de Cloud Computing », available at http://www.cnil.fr/fileadmin/images/la_cnil/act ualite/Recommandations_pour_les_entreprises _qui_envisagent_de_souscrire_a_des_services_ de_Cloud.pdf

[22] Business Alliance software & Galexia consulting (2013). « 2013 BSA Global Cloud Computing: computing scorecard, Blueprint for Economic Opportunity », available at http://cloudscorecard.bsa.org/2012/assets/PDFs/BSA_GlobalCloudScorecard.pdf

[23] ITU (2012). Cloud Computing in Africa : Situation and perspectives, Telecommunication Development Sector, available at http://www.itu.int/ITUD/treg/publications/Cloud_Computing_Afrique-e.pdf

Cite this paper

Kamal El Aguez, Nasr Hajji, Hafid Barka. (2016) The Cloud Computing: the impact of regulation on adoption. International Journal of Computers, 1, 22-32


Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0