The “Management Plan for the River Basin Districts of Crete, Greece” is a successful plan that fulfils the contractual responsibilities of the country to the European Union. However, the plan does not include an overall assessment and prioritization of the Programme of Measures (PoM) which is a prerequisite for the rational use of available resources. During this work, Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis was applied as a decision-making tool in order to assess each measure. Reduction of irrigation water, control of fertilizers, exploitation of saline karstic springs, wastewater recycling, and construction of small dams are some of measures suggested.
 C. Pahl-Wostl, G. Holtz, B. Kastens, C. Knieper. Analyzing complex water governance regimes: the management and transition framework. Environmental Science & Policy 13, 2010, 571-581.  C. Pahl-Wostl, G. Holtz, B. Kastens, C. Knieper. Analyzing complex water governance regimes: the management and transition framework. Environmental Science & Policy 13, 2010, 571-581.
 E. Mostert. The European water framework directive and water management research. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 28, 2003, 523–527.
 C.J.A. Macleod, D. Scholefield, P.M. Haygarth. Integration for sustainable catchment management. Science of the Total Environment 373, 2007, 591-602.
 Plan Bleu. Selecting the measures to implement in your region. A decision Making support guide for local authorities. Technical report, 2014, France
 G. Nagara, W-H. Lam, N.C.H. Lee, F. Othman, M.G. Shaaban. Comparative SWOT Analysis for Water Solutions in Asia and Africa. Water Resources Management 29, 2015, 125-138.
 G. Martins, A.G. Brito, R. Nogueira, F.J. Luque, C. Alcácer. Water resources management in southern Europe: Clues for a research and innovation based regional hypercluster. Journal of Environmental Management 119, 2013, 76-84.
 B. Mainali, HH. Ngo, WS. Guo, TTN. Pham, XC. Wang, A. Johnston. SWOT analysis to assist identification of the critical factors for the successful implementation of water reuse schemes. Desalination and Water Treatment 32(1–3), 2011, 297–306.
 A. Malagò, D. Efstathiou, F. Bouraoui, N.P. Nikolaidis, M. Franchini, G. Bidoglio, M. Kritsotakis. Regional scale hydrologic modeling of a karst-dominant geomorphology: the case study of the Island of Crete. Journal of Hydrology, 540, 2016, 64-81.
 MEDIWAT, 2013. State of the art of Water Resources in Mediterranean Islands. Available at:http://www.mediwat.eu/sites/default/files/D. 3.1.1.pdf.
 A.G. Koutroulis, A.K. Vrohidou, I.K. Tsanis. Spatiotemporal characteristics of meteorological drought for the Island of Crete. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12, 2011, 206– 226
Cite this paper
Petousi I., Fountoulakis M., Papadaki A., Sabathianakis I., Daskalakis G., Nikolaidis N., Manios T.. (2017) Assessment of Water Management Measures through SWOT Analysis: The Case of Crete Island, Greece. International Journal of Environmental Science, 2, 59-62