Florin Dragomir, Otilia Elena Dragomir



Optimal Embedded System for Two-Axis Tracking PV Panels

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A PV tracker system is a solution one of those methods able to increase the PV power generation. Theoretical, a PV tracker system with two-axis, can increase the overall solar energy capture about 45%, compared to a fixed PV module tilted at an angle equal to the local latitude. An one-axis tracking system, the increase is aproximately 32%. In this paper, we design and implement a two-axis tracking system of photovoltaic (PV) systems, who follows the maximum power point (MPP) using a programmable circuit XILINX type Complex Programmable Logic Device- CPLD and Xilinx ISE software. Thus, PV module will reach its MPP in relation date and time of the day. The test bed relies on an algorithm integrated in the XILINX who has as inputs: date, location’s latitude and longitude, the standard longitude (related to the location’s position in relation with Greenwich), and the number the positions of the Sun's path. To establish the position of the panel in a time of day value is determined by the following calculations: the angle of the day, correction factor of Earth's orbit, the solar declination angle, the equation of time in minutes, eastern time using latitude angle, the number of hours the Sun shines using angle eastern time, time the Sun sets, vectors containing the coordinates of the positions of the Sun (in this case 10 positions) during the day and azimuth angle.



Renewable sources, PV systems, PV Tracker, programmable circuit, Complex Programmable Logic Device



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Cite this paper

Florin Dragomir, Otilia Elena Dragomir. (2017) Optimal Embedded System for Two-Axis Tracking PV Panels. International Journal of Renewable Energy Sources, 2, 69-74


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