Approximately 1 out of every 59 children in the United States (16.8/1000) has autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD is a neurological and neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the way individuals interact within a social context, communicate, and behave. . The first researcher that is credited with the first detailed description of autistic behavior is Leo Kanner in 1943 . He noted that the outstanding common feature of all children is the presence of parental personalities, such as obsessiveness and lack of warm-heartedness. This perspective corresponded with Asperger’s report in 2014, which described the main features of ASD as a series of developmental deficiencies: recognition, communication and understanding. Regardless of the researchers’ reports addressed, ASD is in any case considered peculiar and difficult to treat. These difficulties underlie potential nuances and inconsistencies in the current method of research for ASD. In fact, researchers in the history of this disorder mainly focused on its features in terms of social impairments and investigated the consequences of this altered behavior. However, ASD research lacked an essential focus on the origin and physiological processes that contributed to the features of this disorder, which is essential in order to understand its enormous complexity.
neuroscience, autism spectrum disorder, hypermyelination, social impairment, amygdala, neurodevelopment
Cite this paper
Kelly Shahu. (2022) Analysis of the Specific Neurodevelopmental Patterns That Lead to the Development of ASD in Individuals. International Journal of Medical Physiology, 6, 1-14