José Telo Da Gama, José Rato Nunes, Luis Loures, António Lopez-Piñeiro, Paulo Vivas, Ana Loures
Mediterranean basin ecosystem services are at risk with the loss of wildlife-rich habitats, where 300 animal and plant species are threatened with extinction, and the disappearing of small scale farmers, that are being forced to abandon their land due to their lack of competition with the great corporations with modern farming practices that dominate the marketplace, and put an inordinate amount of pressure on the surrounding environment through their high demand in pesticides, fertilizers and water irrigation leading to a severe over-exploitation of both ground and surface waters. In this study, a total of 13,400 ha located in a western Mediterranean basin were selected as the study site and the main results of this study were that the case study area is becoming monocultural with olive groves, rice and orchards having increased 968, 210% and 210% since 2002.
Mediterranean basin, ecosystem services, monoculture, desertification
Cite this paper
José Telo Da Gama, José Rato Nunes, Luis Loures, António Lopez-Piñeiro, Paulo Vivas, Ana Loures. (2019) Assessing Cultural System Evolution in the Mediterranean Basin - The Caia Irrigation Perimeter Case Study. International Journal of Environmental Science, 4, 28-34