J. V. Patel, M. M. Trivedi, R. M. Rajpura, P. R. Pandya, R. J. Modi
The experiment was conducted to study the effect of chemically amendments of litter on the performance index and economic parameters of commercial broiler chickena at poultry research station (PRS), College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand, Gujarat. A total of one hundred forty-four (144) straight run day old commercial broiler chicks were distributed randomly into six treatment groups. Each treatment group consisted of four replications, each of 6 chicks leading to 24 chicks per treatment. The experiment was conducted in two different seasons. Experiment-I was conducted in the winter season (WS), (December-January) and experiment-II was conducted in the rainy season (MS), (August- September) for six weeks of duration. The six treatment was divided as follows: T1- rice husk litter material (control group); T2- amendment with alum @ 90 g/sq.ft.; T3- amendment with boric acid (H3BO3) @ 24 g/sq.ft.; T4- amendment with sodium bisulphate (NaHSO4) @ 25 g/ sq.ft.; T5- amendment with commercially available probiotic product @ 1 g/sq.ft; T6- amendment with commercially available Yucca schidigera liquid solution @ 1.0 ml/ sq.ft. The litter amendment (T2 to T6) was done on the 1st, 15th, and 29th days of the experiment period. The mean production efficiency factor during experiment-I (WS) was found 285.66 ± 10.83, 335.75 ± 6.75, 318.09 ± 12.82, 323.78 ± 11.43, 291.97 ± 14.50, and 320.07 ± 12.32 in T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6, respectively at the end of the experiment (42nd day). The mean production efficiency factor was significantly (P<0.05) higher in T2 followed by T4, T6, T3, T5, and T1. During experiment-II (MS), the mean production efficiency factor with T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6 was 304.68 ± 26.06, 356.10 ± 16.18, 349.10 ± 12.07, 329.46 ± 21.89, 307.30 ± 17.34 and 350.63 ± 11.88, respectively. The difference was found non-significance among different treatment groups. The pooled mean production efficiency factor was 295.17 ± 18.41, 345.92 ± 8.48, 333.59 ± 2.89, 326.62 ± 11.72, 299.64 ± 7.37, and 335.35 ± 8.47 in T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6, respectively. The difference was found significantly (P<0.05) higher in T2 followed by T6, T3, T4, T5, and T1. The Interaction between year (Y×T) and treatment was found non-significant for the mean production efficiency factor. The benefitcost ratio at the end of experiment-I (WS) was found to be 1.24, 1.27, 1.26, 1.27, 1.22, and 1.26 in T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6, respectively. The highest benefit-cost ratio was observed in T2 followed by T6, T4, T3, T1, and T5. During experiment-II (MS) the benefit-cost ratio was found 1.02, 1.05, 1.04, 1.03, 1.01, and 1.04 in T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6, respectively. The highest benefit-cost ratio was observed in T2 followed by T3, T6, T4, T1, and T5. Based on the overall result of the present experiment, it can be concluded that the broiler birds reared on rice husk litter material amended with alum @ 90 g/sq.ft have significantly (p<0.05) higher performance index and benefit-cost ratio were observed than the control and other treatment groups.
Performance index, Economic parameters, Commercial, broiler chicken
Cite this paper
J. V. Patel, M. M. Trivedi, R. M. Rajpura, P. R. Pandya, R. J. Modi. (2023) Effect of Chemically Amendments of Litter on the Performance Index and Economic Parameters of Commercial Broiler Chicken. International Journal of Agricultural Science, 8, 256-264