Adem Musliu, Arbër Musliu, Bekim Mustafa, Naim Baftiu
Analysis of Research of Heavy Metals On Ground In "Kosova-A" Thermal Power Plant
Obiliq which is located in Kosovo is known as an industrial city, with significant energy and coal activities. Kosovo Energy Corporation is an industrial complex based in Kosovo, which includes surface mining for coal extraction as well as electricity generation as well as a large number of secondary axiliary equipment. KEK JSC is the only corporation in Kosovo that produces electricity. And based on the existing environmental situation and the primary impact on the environment that includes the impact on land, water and air as well as legal obligations to the environment, in KEK JSC, there is a need to determine and committment to take measures to improve this condition as well as the continuous protection of the environment in the spaces in which it conducts its activities. Due to the long time of these activities without any special care for the environment, today is one of the most polluted cities in Kosovo. Although now these activities are no longer intense their consequences are obvious. Environmental damage continues to be aggravated not only because of the production units that are still active, but also because the polluted areas continue to cause pollution through dust, industrial waste and water discharge, making it a constant environmental threat. The purpose of this paper is to research heavy metals in the Kosovo A Power Plant when it is known that coal contains heavy metals and other elements. And these metals despite small concentrations, they can cause damage to the environment and human health. Most heavy metals such as (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn, V) are released as compounds (for example oxides, chlorides, etc.) bound to the particles. Only Hg and Se are partially present in the vapor phase. Mercury (Hg) is the heavy metal that causes the biggest problems, in terms of emissions from the coal combustion process. Part of the lignite mercury stops in the vapor phase, which means it does not condense on the surface of the ash particles, so its removal from the particle emission control device is very volatile. Most heavy metals are associated with fly ash at operating temperatures of boiler equipment.
environment, soil, heavy metals
Cite this paper
Adem Musliu, Arbër Musliu, Bekim Mustafa, Naim Baftiu. (2022) Analysis of Research of Heavy Metals On Ground In "Kosova-A" Thermal Power Plant. International Journal of Applied Physics, 7, 24-35