Andrie Elia, Nina Yulianti



The Socioeconomic Conditions of Tropical Peat Farmers: A Case Study in Tumbang Nusa Village, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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The Indonesian government, like the rest of the world, should be concerned about peatland farmer processes. This is due to the negative environmental effects of poor management, such as peatland fires. The Indonesian government has devised a peatland forest conservation program that incorporates it into sustainable agricultural activities in order to raise the standard of living of peatland residents while also preventing forest fires. The objective of this study was to determine the socioeconomic conditions of farmers who successfully manage peatlands. This study was conducted in Tumbang Nusa Village, Jabiren Raya Regency, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, a region prone to peatland fires, using a qualitative descriptive method. The data were collected through 84 participants filling out questionnaires and nine informants being interviewed. Among the data collected are land ownership, plant species, farmer’s motivation, farmer’s income, the economic value of forests to rural communities, and farmer’s understanding of peatlands and their management. According to the findings, most of the land maintained by farmers was their own, but some farmers did manage the land of others. Endangered trees found in swamps, such as Dyera sp., Shorea belangiran, and others, are commonly planted. Farmers, in general, have a solid understanding of peatlands and how to manage them, albeit they had failures in the past due to incorrect techniques. They are generally motivated to preserve peatlands in order to generate a significant profit. They can make between USD 189.75 and USD 607.2 per month from agricultural and non-forest products, which puts them in the high-income category. Because of the numerous benefits, they believe that peatland forests must be protected in order to survive. However, it is clear from this study that they still require advice and assistance in sustainable peatland management, particularly in the use of cutting-edge technologies. Finally, the study's implications are discussed, along with several suggestions for future research.


socio-economics, agriculture, peatland, sustainable management


Cite this paper

Andrie Elia, Nina Yulianti. (2022) The Socioeconomic Conditions of Tropical Peat Farmers: A Case Study in Tumbang Nusa Village, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Science, 7, 173-179


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