Integrated Farming System in Fragile Tropical Island Ecosystem: A Case Study

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North and Middle Andaman is one of the three districts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands situated about 1200 km from the mainland India. The climate of this island is distinctly tropical with an average rainfall of 3180 mm. The hot and humid climate present in this region is very much conductive for the development of plant pathogens and pests. As a result, farmer suffers huge losses due to crop failure. Given that, a large chunk of land in this region is covered with forest, the land that can be used for agriculture is comparatively very less. The land holding of most of the farmers in this region is in between 1-2.5 hectare only. In view of this, the application of new and costly technologies of commercial agriculture is limited in this region. Furthermore, In order to prevent the indiscriminate use of chemicals, and pesticides, and to conserve fragile ecological diversity of this region, Government of India has banned the import, supply, and use of chemicals and pesticides. All these had added the problems of farmers in this region. Inspite of all these adversaries, Of late, a man named Shri. Ashok Sarkar, small farmers with a land holding of 2.15 Ha with rural base and a big heart has braved to lead the way for others, which finds a place herein. The secrets of his spectacular success are the adoption of pond based integrated farming model. It is estimated that by the end of 2018 his annual income would amount to Rs 6, 50, 000/- against the present income of Rs 4, 29,300/-, when his orchard would give full potential yields.


Island, Fragile, Pathogens, Agriculture, Technologies.


Cite this paper

Shardul Vikram Lal, B. L. Kasinath, Tanmai Paul, S. K. Zamir, S. Dam Roy, A. Kundu. (2021) Integrated Farming System in Fragile Tropical Island Ecosystem: A Case Study. International Journal of Agricultural Science, 6, 35-44


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