This research was motivated by an interest in the ethno-agronomy of the Wangi-Wangi Island community in Wakatobi Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Wangi-Wangi Island as small islands has a determination of dry land resources with a dry climate. On this island there are relatively agricultural products that can support the community's food security in a sustainable manner. This sustainability based on the community of local wisdom in the traditional agricultural system which is welia manifest. This research aims to finding welia's resilience as ethno agronomy in small island community. This research has a case study design, and was conducted in April 2018 to August 2019. Data was collected through observation, interviews, literature study and laboratory test with the triangulation method. Informants are determined by certain criteria, consisting of 1 key informant and 63 key informants. The results showed that welia is local wisdom in cultivating plants on dry land and dry climate. This system was born from a farming culture (ethno-agronomy) and centered on land (agro-centric). welia with a pair of red bean and corn by 100% canopy follow lighting will have optimal crop production. The vegetation in welia consists of climbing poles or stakes and shade trees (toropanga) in maintaining soil fertility to support plant productivity. Welia is a land management system that relies on vegetation and fire. Farmers should use fire wisely as agro-technology in burning land. The wise use of fire can support the sustainability of welia's vegetation.
Ethno-Agronomy, Island, Small, Wakatobi, Welia
Cite this paper
Harviyaddin, Ld. Sabaruddin, Muhidin, A. M. Kandari, Hidrawati. (2020) Welia: Ethno-Agronomy on Small Islands. International Journal of Agricultural Science, 5, 194-204
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