The lack of fresh water and energy in remote areas is the starting point for the implementation of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRESs). HRESs find a wide application, especially in Aegean islands, where there is a rich wind potential. Also, the use of hydroelectric power generate electricity for energy demands of the island and for the desalination of seawater, in order to cover drinking and irrigation demands. In this research work, the proposed HRES in Patmos includes six wind turbines, two desalination plants, a hydroelectric station, a pumping station and a reservoir in high altitude. Two scenarios have been formed for the distribution of energy generated by wind turbines, a percentage of which is integrated directly into the power grid, while the remaining wind energy is used in the pumping and the desalination stations. The simulation model operates with hourly data for the period 2007-2017. Additionally, the optimum distribution of the produced wind energy is investigated. This study presents the results of the HRES simulation about covering water and electricity demands of Patmos island.
HRES, Wind power, Electricity, Water management, Desalination, Patmos, Island
Cite this paper
Dimitrios Sarris, Maria Margarita Bertsiou, Evangelos Baltas. (2019) Evaluation of a Hybrid Renewable Energy System (HRES) in Patmos Island. International Journal of Renewable Energy Sources, 4, 40-47
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