Eman Bani Hani, Abdullah Marashli, Mohammad Shalby, Hani Al-Rawashdeh
Abstract: Rising fuel price , depletion of traditional energy reserves and environmental issues are the main drivers for production biodiesel from alternative resources such as (WCO),its became more attractive to researchers in recent time This study aims to convert Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) to biodiesel by esterification and trans-esterification processes using potassium hydroxide as a catalyst and to determine its essential properties. The study found out that the physical properties of biodiesel (B100) derived from WCO meet the required American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard specifically for biodiesel (ASTM D6751). In addition, both blended fuels B5, and B20 met the ASTM D7467 standard. The results showed that the density range from 884.3 -850.5 Kg/m3, and viscosity values at 40℃ range from 5.92-3.67 mm2/s, the cloud point range from 0-5℃, while the flashpoints take the range from 192-680C for the three fuels (B100, B20, B5), also the gross specific energy values are from 39.803-45.412 KJ/Kg, the cetane number range from 51.2-57.8 for the three fuels. The GC-MS analysis of biodiesel shows that the main fatty acid methyl esters are Palmatic, Stearic, Linoleic, and Oleic with other fatty acids. The produced biodiesel is sustainable, less toxic,has higher lubricity and a higher oxygen content than petroleum diesel . It can be used mainally as a fuel in many applications as in CI engines, boilers for generation electricity and producing a heat.
Bioenergy, Biodiesel, B100, B20, B5, WCO, Esterification, Trans-esterification, Fatty Acid.
Cite this paper
Eman Bani Hani, Abdullah Marashli, Mohammad Shalby, Hani Al-Rawashdeh. (2021) Experimental Investigation of Basic Properties Biodiesel Fuels (B100, B20, B5) Produced from Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) Using Trans-Esterification Process. International Journal of Renewable Energy Sources, 6, 58-67