Filippo Carollo, Vincenzo Naso, Gabriele Virzi’ Mariotti
teenage bicyclist, Pick-up impact, severe (AIS4+) injury, HIC, biomechanics
The study of the injury caused by Pick-up vehicle-teenage cyclist crash is presented in this paper. The vehicle has high frontal part, in order to compare the results with those obtained previously in the sedan and SUV - teenage cyclist crash. No variation is executed on the model of the teenage cyclist and the bike. Three different positions are analyzed: front, rear and lateral position. The injury on the cyclist head is examined by HIC criterion, in the way indicated in the rules. Correlation HIC – AIS is used to calculate the lethality of the injuries. A comparison is made between the results of the simulations for Pick up, SUV and sedan, concluding that the injury of the head is more dangerous for Pick-up impact than SUV and the sedan, but only at the maximum speed (50 km/h). This value of the speed can be considered critical, since HIC values are very high for all the three vehicles. The more dangerous injury is the side impact. A further comparison is done between the impact points of the three vehicles concluding that both the shape of the bonnet that the height of the front part must be studied carefully in order to reduce the damage to cyclists and pedestrians.
Cite this paper
Filippo Carollo, Vincenzo Naso, Gabriele Virzi’ Mariotti. (2016) Teenage Cyclist - Pick Up Crash by Multibody Simulation; HIC Evaluation and Comparison with Previous Results. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 1, 75-83