There are economic, strategic and technological needs for establishing a national aerospace sector in many developing countries. This is to support the growing demands for aerospace related products and to encourage international collaborations. International collaboration projects can cost billions of US dollars, but provide opportunities to access and gain aerospace knowledge in terms of skills, technologies and infrastructure related to the purchased aerospace systems. While there are several options for international technology transfer, there are currently no effective approaches, specifically in aerospace knowledge transfer, for international collaboration projects between developed and developing countries. There is a need for a specific framework to guide developing countries in this task and to overcome different transfer challenges. This paper presents an aerospace knowledge transfer framework (Aero-KT) to effectively manage knowledge transfer into developing countries during international aerospace collaboration projects.
Knowledge management, Knowledge transfer, International technology transfer, Collaboration projects, Aerospace sector, Developing countries
 H. Alshaigi and A. Al-Ashaab, “The evolving issue of aerospace knowledge transfer to the developing countries,” in Proceedings of the 13 th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2015), 2015, no. September, pp. 117– 122.
 H.-J. Steenhuis, E. J. De Bruijn, and H. Heerkens, “Technology transfer and catchup; Lessons from the commercial aircraft industry,” Int. J. Technol. Transf. Commer., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 250–278, 2007.
 H.-J. Steenhuis and E. J. Bruijn, “Developing countries and the aircraft industry: match or mismatch?,” Technol. Soc., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 551–562, Nov. 2001.
 A. Goldstein, “The political economy of high‐tech industries in developing countries: aerospace in Brazil, Indonesia and South Africa,” Cambridge J. Econ., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 521–538, 2002.
 S. McGuire, “Sectoral Innovation Patterns And The Rise Of New Competitors: The Case Of Civil Aerospace In Asia∗,” Ind. Innov., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 153–170, 1999.
 H. Hollanders, A. VAN CRUYSEN, and D. Vertesy, “Sectoral Innovation Systems in Europe: The Case of the Aerospace Sector,” Final Report, Eur. INNOVA, 2008.
 I. Oshri, P. van Fenema, and J. Kotlarsky, “Knowledge transfer in globally distributed teams: the role of transactive memory,” Inf. Syst. J., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 593–616, Nov. 2008.
 D. Miles, Constructive Change: Managing International Technology Transfer. International Labour Organization, 1995.
 T. Minshall, Manufacturing Mobility: A Strategic Guide to Transferring Manufacturing Capability. University of Cambridge, Institute for Manufacturing, 1999.
 H.-J. Steenhuis and E. J. Bruijn, “International technology transfer: Building theory from a multiple case-study in the aircraft industry,” 2005.
 D. R. King and M. L. Nowack, “The impact of government policy on technology transfer: an aircraft industry case study,” J. Eng. Technol. Manag., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 303– 318, 2003.
 A.-M. Maculan, “Embraer and the growth of the Brazilian aircraft industry,” Int. J. Technol. Glob., vol. 7, no. 1–2, pp. 41–59, 2013.
 S. Eriksson, “Indonesia’s aircraft industry: technology and management impediments,” Int. J. Technol. Transf. Commer., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 207–226, 2003.
 L. W. Tat and S. Hase, “Knowledge management in the Malaysian aerospace industry,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 143–151, 2007.
 J. Niosi and M. Zhegu, “Anchor tenants and regional innovation systems: the aircraft industry,” Int. J. Technol. Manag., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 263–284, 2010.
 F. Texier, Industrial diversification and innovation: an international study of the aerospace industry, vol. 215. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2000.
 A. Hira and L. G. de Oliveira, “Take off and Crash: Lessons from the Diverging Fates of the Brazilian and Argentine Aircraft Industries,” Compet. Chang., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 329–347, Dec. 2007.
 S. Eriksson, “The aircraft industry as a tool for economic and industrial development - the case of Indonesia,” Clusters and Economic Growth in Asia. pp. 141–164, 2013.
 A. La Bella, D. Canzano, and M. Grimaldi, “Critical capabilities and performance in the aerospace industry: a knowledge management approach,” in Aerospace Conference, 2004. Proceedings. 2004 IEEE, 2004, vol. 6, pp. 3962–3969.
 F. Malerba and L. Orsenigo, “Technological regimes and sectoral patterns of innovative activities,” Ind. Corp. Chang., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 83–117, 1997.
 P. van der Heiden, C. Pohl, S. Bin Mansor, and J. van Genderen, “The role of education and training in absorptive capacity of international technology transfer in the aerospace sector,” Prog. Aerosp. Sci., vol. 76, pp. 42–54, Jul. 2015.
 D. J. Harvey and R. Holdsworth, “Knowledge management in the aerospace industry,” in IPCC 2005. Proceedings. International Professional Communication Conference, 2005., 2005, pp. 237–243.
 Y. Asiedu and P. Gu, “Product life cycle cost analysis: State of the art review,” Int. J. Prod. Res., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 883–908, 1998.
 G. Pahl and W. Beitz, Engineering Design: A Systematic Approach, vol. 11. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.
 I. Moir and A. Seabridge, Design and development of aircraft systems, vol. 68. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
 F. Mas, J. Ríos, J. L. Menéndez, and A. Gómez, “A process-oriented approach to modeling the conceptual design of aircraft assembly lines,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 67, no. 1–4, pp. 771–784, Jul. 2013.
 K. Hartley, The Political Economy of Aerospace Industries: A Key Driver of Growth and International Competitiveness? Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014.
 P. C. Saunders and J. K. Wiseman, Buy, Build, Or Steal: China’s Quest for Advanced Military Aviation Technologies. National defence univ fort mcnair dc inst for national strategic studies, 2011.
 J. Niosi and M. Zhegu, “Aerospace clusters: Local or global knowledge spillovers?,” Ind. Innov., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 5–29, 2005.
 A. M. Malm, A. Fredriksson, and K. Johansen, “Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets,” J. Manuf. Technol. Manag., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 640–661, Jun. 2016.
 J. Jordan and J. Lowe, “Protecting strategic knowledge: Insights from collaborative agreements in the aerospace sector,” Technol. Anal. Strateg. Manag., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 241–259, 2004.
 D. Vertesy, “The lion with wings: innovation system dynamics in the aerospace industry of Singapore,” Int. J. Technol. Glob., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 118–140, 2013.
 K. Balakrishnan and R. Matthews, “The role of Offsets in Malaysian Defence Industrialisation,” Def. Peace Econ., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 341–358, 2009.
 S. A. Wahab, R. C. Rose, J. Uli, and H. Abdullah, “A review on the technology transfer models, knowledge-based and organizational learning models on technology transfer,” Eur. J. Soc. Sci., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 550–564, 2009.
 J. N. Behrman and H. W. Wallender, Transfers of Manufacturing Technology Within Multinational Enterprises. Ballinger Publishing Company, 1976.
 C. Dahlman and L. Westphal, “The meaning of technological mastery in relation to transfer of technology,” Ann. Am. Acad. Pol. Soc. Sci., vol. 458, no. 1, pp. 12–26, 1981.
 N. Chantramonklasri, “The development of technological and managerial capability in the developing countries,” in Technology transfer in developing countries, M. Chatterji, Ed. The Macmillan Press, 1990, pp. 36–50.
 M. Moustafa, “Management of technology transfer: Planning and controlling the implementation process in developing countries,” 1990.
 E. S. Rebentisch and M. Ferretti, “A knowledge asset-based view of technology transfer in international joint ventures,” J. Eng. Technol. Manag., vol. 12, no. 1–2, pp. 1–25, Jul. 1995.
 K. Yokozawa, E. J. De Bruijn, and H. Steenhuis, “A conceptual model for the international transfer of Japanese management system,” 14th Int. Annu. EurOMA Conf., pp. 1–11, 2007.
 N. Khabiri, S. Rast, and A. A. Senin, “Identifying Main Influential Elements in Technology Transfer Process: A Conceptual Model,” ASIA PACIFIC Bus. Innov. Technol. Manag. Soc., vol. 40, no. 0, pp. 417–423, 2012.
 M. H. Meyer and M. H. Zack, “The Design and Development of Information Products,” Sloan Manage. Rev., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 43– 59, 1996.
 W. R. Bukowitz and R. L. Williams, The knowledge management fieldbook. Financial Times/Prentice Hall, 2000.
 M. Alavi and D. E. Leidner, “Review: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues,” MIS Q., vol. 25, no. 1, p. 107, Mar. 2001.
 M. Schaefer, J. Cook, and J. Barrett, “Creating competitive advantage in large organizations using knowledge management,” Proc. - Annu. Meet. Decis. Sci. Inst., pp. 1113–1118, 2002.
 A. Jashapara, Knowledge management: An integrated approach. Pearson Education, 2004.
 K. Dalkir, “Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice,” 2005.
 K. Rodriguez and A. Al-Ashaab, “Knowledge web-based system to support emanufacturing of injection moulded products,” Int. J. Manuf. Technol. Manag., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 400–418, 2007.
 P. Heisig, “Harmonisation of knowledge management – comparing 160 KM frameworks around the globe,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 4–31, Jul. 2009.
 M. Ragab and A. Arisha, “Knowledge management and measurement: a critical review,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 873–901, Oct. 2013.
 SIPRI, “SIPRI Militery expenditure database,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex. [Accessed: 15-Oct-2015].
Cite this paper
Homoud Al-Shaigi, Ahmed Al-Ashaab. (2017) A Framework to Support Aerospace Knowledge Transfer to Developing Countries via Collaborative Projects. International Journal of Economics and Management Systems, 2, 111-120