Sachitanand Das, Dipika Mal
Low vegetable production worldwide is mainly the result of climate change; many major vegetables have lower average yields due to the changing weather conditions. Decreased availability of water, rising temperatures, flooding, and salinity are the biggest obstacles to increasing vegetable productivity. Vegetable production becomes unprofitable as a result of reduction in yields, crop failures, pest and disease and quality declines problems caused by changing climatic conditions. A great deal of physiological and enzymatic activity depends on temperature and they are affected by climate change. Increasing temperatures adversely affects vegetable production by causing drought and salinity. It has also been documented that pests and diseases are becoming more prevalent as a result of climate change. A climatic change mitigation strategy must be implemented for vegetable crops. Developing systems for improving water use efficiency suitable for conditions of heat and drought should be the main focus. Moisture is retained in soil by using crop residues and plastic mulches. Cultivation of vegetable crops on raised beds is a great way to overcome excessive soil moisture caused by heavy rain. To meet these challenges, breeding techniques, genetics, biotechnology, and non-conventional approaches are essentially necessary to develop genotypes resistant against moisture stress, high temperatures, salinity, and climate change. Consequently, this paper evaluates how climate change impacts the vegetables production and its management strategies.
Abiotic stress; Climate change; Mitigation; Productivity; Vegetable crops
Cite this paper
Sachitanand Das, Dipika Mal. (2023) Vegetable Production in Changing Climate and their Mitigation Strategies-A Review. International Journal of Agricultural Science, 8, 178-184