Hidrawati, Usman Rianse, Marsuki Iswandi, Nur Arafah
Local Wisdom of Sustainable Food Security at Binongko Island (A Study On Community Adaptation Strategies at Coastal Area and Small Islands)
Resilience, Food, Strategy, Adaptation, Binongko Island
The study was motivated by the fact that Binongko as a region of coastal areas and small islands tend to have limited agricultural resources and access to food from outside. The limited problem that forced people to commit acts of adjustment so that the food needs can be met sustainably. Therefore, the research was conducted with the aim to analyze Binongko island community adaptation strategies for ensuring the sustainable food security systems. This study designed qualitatively using the phenomenological approach. Data collected through the study of literature, orientation, observation, interviews, and focus group discussions. Interviews were conducted at the informants who determined by purposive use the snowball system. Collected data were analyzed using the method of historical analysis. The results showed that the adaptation strategies of society in the food production system namely the amount of cultivated land of farmers is more than one place and processed in a relatively different. Farming activities carried by upholding the principles of local wisdom advantageous economic, social, cultural and ecological namely pohamba-hamba. In the food distribution system, adaptation measures do with differentiation of livelihoods through mechanisms time distribution, resulting in the stability of the flow of food supplies, both of in and outside the area. While the consumption system known presence of some adaptation measures such as habituation eat twice a day, side dishes substitution between fish and vegetables as well as techniques of food storage to remain durable. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the adaptation strategy by Binongko island community in ensuring food security in a sustainable system includes a system of agricultural production, distribution and consumption of food.
Cite this paper
Hidrawati, Usman Rianse, Marsuki Iswandi, Nur Arafah. (2016) Local Wisdom of Sustainable Food Security at Binongko Island (A Study On Community Adaptation Strategies at Coastal Area and Small Islands). Food and Nutrition Science - An International Journal, 1, 26-31