Valentina Mihaela Ghinea, Shahrazad Hadad, Alina Mihaela Dima



Is Delivering the Discourse a Determinant Factor for Student Engagement?

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delivering discourse, direct message, indirect message, students’ engagement, consistency principle, authority principle, manipulation


Professor – student communication is one of the most important aspects of the teaching process. For the effectiveness of the teaching process, efforts should be carried out by both of the parties involved, by fulfilling the following two conditions: on the one hand professors should share knowledge with their students, and on the other hand the students should assimilate the lessons and internalize it. Thus, we posit that delivering the discourse plays a special role in triggering students’ attention and engagement. As proven by the research in the field, the direct structuring of the message is more appropriate when a positive reaction is expected from the interlocutor, while its indirect structuring is more likely to be used in the case of a skeptical audience or of an audience that may be reluctant to the message conveyed. In order to find out which is the most appropriate way of structuring the message when addressing Romanian students, we resorted to three experiments, each of them conducted on a sample of 30 students from the same university. The first experiment used a direct psychological structure of an unpopular message, the second experiment used an indirect psychological structure of the message, whereas the last experiment used a direct psychological structured message reinforced by an item of psychological manipulation. The results of our experiments showed the Romanian students’ propensity for the direct message, contrary to the expectations fueled by the specialists in the field. Apparently, the Romanian young audience involved in the experiments is not so receptive to indirect messages, especially to the ones starting with buffers, hence, we can use these findings for improving the teaching - evaluation processes, in particular, and students’ engagement, in general.

Cite this paper

Valentina Mihaela Ghinea, Shahrazad Hadad, Alina Mihaela Dima. (2016) Is Delivering the Discourse a Determinant Factor for Student Engagement?. International Journal of Education and Learning Systems, 1, 191-196